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Stereo mix

kungfumonk007kungfumonk007 ✭✭✭✭
in Recording Posts: 410

Where do you all prefer the instruments to be placed in the stereo field - both for the traditional quartets and trios with no fiddle.



  • WillieWillie HamburgNew Old french mystery, Altamira M01 f
    edited April 2021 Posts: 552

    Trio: bass at 12 o'clock, the guitars about 10 -11 a.m. left and 1 - 2 p.m. right.

    Quartet: bass and main soloist both almost 12, maximum 11 left and 1 right; the other guitars 9 - 10 left and 2 -3 right.

    (I didn't really think about this before, I tend to do my mixes intuitively. But when I recall the same or comparable (vocal and wind ensembles) mixing situations, I mostly seem to work as described. I think, it depends on the purpose. To demonstrate the sounds of different guitars, for example, I would separate the instruments as clear as possible; to create a "live"-feeling, I would pull them together more.)

  • edited April 2021 Posts: 3,960

    To somewhat resemble a concert stage. I feel this is much easier task in genres that are recorded live and as an ensemble then pop and rock and all of the variants of those. In a former I think you simply aim to present the image of a live band on the stage to the listener. In a trio situation, if it's only one soloist, this instrument centered with the two accompanying instruments to the sides. In a quartet situation, with two soloists, those off to about the middle of each side with the bass mostly centered or just slightly to one side and rhythm guitar canvasing a little of both sides, or if the bass is off to one side then rhythm guitar on the opposite end.

    Every note wants to go somewhere-Kurt Rosenwinkel
  • Posts: 3,960

    Interestingly Willie and I have mostly the same approach. I wonder if we think alike or you simply can't go about it much differently?

    Every note wants to go somewhere-Kurt Rosenwinkel
  • h24015h24015 New jean barault, mateos
    Posts: 19

    I usually have bass down the middle, 2 rhythm guitars one spread to 9 oclock and one to 3 oclock, violin slightly to the right, accordian or whatever other instrument slightly to the left, lead guitar recorded in stereo and hard panned left and right.

  • ScoredogScoredog Santa Barbara, Ca✭✭✭✭
    Posts: 766

    My approach close to Willie's but sometimes I'll spread rhythm guitars further.

  • WillieWillie HamburgNew Old french mystery, Altamira M01 f
    edited April 2021 Posts: 552

    I think this and smilar approaches just generate somewhat "natural" impressions.

  • Posts: 182

    That's not surprising that you all favour the bass at noon. But I've been reading about putting the bass off to 10-11. Like a live situation. Bass players don't usually stand in the centre. But bass is frequencies are less directional.

    I often do mono as well. If I'm trying to "keep it real".

  • WillieWillie HamburgNew Old french mystery, Altamira M01 f
    Posts: 552

    Yes, bass frequencies spread in all directions, high frequencies more or less in one.

    If you see the musicians playing (video or photo), the audio mix can follow the lineup as close as possible. If there is no picture, you can concentrate on the sound: voice(s), main soloing and bass in and around the center position (the stereo panning of the lead guitar is a fine solution too), and "the rest" surrounding.

  • kungfumonk007kungfumonk007 ✭✭✭✭
    Posts: 410

    For quartet I meant 2 guitar, fiddle and bass. @Scoredog so you hard pan rhythm left and righ and go for the center or just off center with the lead guitar? The fiddle would be off center the other side? I am away from home and a good set of speakers but can anyone give favorite recording examples?

  • WillieWillie HamburgNew Old french mystery, Altamira M01 f
    Posts: 552

    guitar - bass - fiddle - guitar (or the other way round).

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